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dc.contributor.advisorDemétrio, Rodrigo-
dc.contributor.authorHonorato, Carolina de Souza-
dc.contributor.authorAguiar, Leticia Galli de-
dc.coverage.spatialUniversidade do Extremo Sul Catarinensept_BR
dc.descriptionArtigo submetido ao Curso de Medicina da UNESC como requisito parcial para obtenção do Título de Bacharel em Medicina.pt_BR
dc.description.abstractObjective: Central venous access is an essential strategy when treating oncology patients due to the frequent need to administer chemotherapy or collect blood specimens. However, there is a considerable risk of complications. The aim of this research was to observe the nature and incidence of complications associated with central venous access and fully implanted catheters in pediatric oncology patients, as well as their association with clinical and laboratory findings. Methodology: In this observational, retrospective and descriptive study, the data was collected from medical records of patients aged 0 to 14 years in a referral hospital in the extreme south of Santa Catarina and were analysed using the SPSS platform. Results: From a total of 145 central catheters, 90 (62,06%) complications were identified, 21 (14,5%) infections, where 15 (25,4%) occurred in leukopenic patients (p= 0,016) and 18 (27,7%) in patients with thrombocytopenia (p<0,001). Six patients (4,1%) developed hematomas at the injection site, all of which occurred in thrombocytopenic patients (p=0,008). Among mechanical complications related to placement, 2 patients (1,4%) developed pneumothorax, 14 (9,7%) hemorrhages, 2 (1,4%) catheter breaks and 5 (3,4%) catheter malpositioning. Conclusion: In this study it was observed that the most frequent complications are of a mechanical and infectious nature. A positive correlation was found between infection, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia. Also, it is worth mentioning how a significant number of thrombocytopenic patients developed hematomas.pt_BR
dc.subjectCateteres venosos centraispt_BR
dc.subjectAcesso venoso centralpt_BR
dc.subjectOncologia pediátricapt_BR
dc.subjectComplicações peroperatóriaspt_BR
dc.titleComplications with the use of central venous access in pediatric oncology patientspt_BR
dc.typeTrabalho de Conclusão de Curso - TCCpt_BR
Aparece nas coleções:Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso (MED)

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